My radio off frequency
To do it right, you'll need a watt meter, a frequency counter that reads atleast 4 digits to the right of the decimal point and a dummy load.
Connect the antenna connector from the back of the radio to the watt meter, to the freq. counter, to the dummy load. Connect the power leads to a decent power supply or atleast a charged 12 volt battery. (All of this applies only if you are in the U.S.A. or Canada!!!) Turn the radio on and tune to channel 1. Key up and ideally it will read a steady 26.9650MHz. It can read 26.9645 to 26.9655 and still be within FCC regs. Tune to ch. 20 and key up. It should read from 27.2045 to 27.2055. Tune to ch. 40. 27.4045 to 27.4055.
Several important things to take notice of. First, (If you are in North America), This is an AM only radio and there will be no external transmit frequency adjustments. The last 2, (3rd and 4th), digits on the freq. counter should be the same across the whole 40 channels. The 4th digit shouldn't vary by more than 1 number either way. If it reads 26.9649 on ch. 1, it should read 27.4049 on channel 40. If the frequency varies by more than .0001MHz and your power is unusually low on the order of 1 1/2 to 2 watts using a good 3 amp or better power supply, suspect your RF final and / or driver transistors. If the silicon chip in either of these transistors is cracked, it can still work but at reduced power while throwing out a wide range of harmonic frequencies draining power from your CB channels and that will bring the FCC, (in the U.S.), knocking on your door in short order.
If the freq. counter reads 26.9675 or 26.9625 or any combination of the last 2 digits like .9622, 9672 ect, on ch. 1 and reads the SAME last 2 digits up through the band to ch. 40, (27.4025, 27.4075 ect), then you can suspect the only crystal in the radio. Sometimes there is a small plastic variable capacitor next to the crystal. It looks like it has a SHINEY metal straight or philips screw in it's center. It can be red, blue, green, black or most any color, about 1/4 the size of a #2 pencil eraser. It will be right next to a small oblong shaped metal can anywhere from 1/16" to 1/2" tall. USING A PLASTIC SCREWDRIVER, key up on ch. 20 and adjust this part to bring the frequency to 27.2050 or as close as you can get to it. When you get there, start at ch.1 and key up, 26.9650, 2=26.9750, 3=26.9850, 4=27.0050. THIS IS NOT A MISTAKE!!! There is a 1 frequency skip between channels 3&4, 7&8, 11&12, 15&16 and 19&20. Channels 23, 24, & 25 will read 23=27.2550, 24=27.2350, 27.2450 then things straighten out with ch. 26=27.2650 ---40=27.4050. When there were only 23 U.S. channels, the skips between chs. 22 & 23 were referred to as 22 a & 22b. These were at one time business band channels that, with the proper license, could run up to 30 watts. All 23 ch. radios had 22a but was shorted out inside and it's space was sometimes used as a quiet spot for the PA speaker. The other 5 skips below this are still used today as radio control freqs for less expensive R/C toys. So much for CB history. ONE OTHER VERY IMPORTANT POINT!!! Make no other screw driver adjustments inside this radio!!! You can mess up your receiver, squelch, RF gain, transmit frequency, or reduce power output The bottom line here is the last 4 digits should follow the pattern laid out above. If you can't get the frequency tuned in, replace the crystal with the identical frequency as the one in the radio. Usually 10.240 MHz. Don't get any fancy ideas about changing freqs to the illegals in these radios. Changing this crystal a little bit up or down will change the freqs. but there will be no rhyme or reason to the new freqs you get. That 10.240 crystal not only controls the CB channels, it also controls channel spacing too. If you get ch. 20 to change to say 27.605, ch. 1 won't be 27.415 and 40 won't be 27.805. It's not worth the effort in the cheaper radios. It takes moving up to the Cobra 148 SSB or it's Uniden clones or the exports before you'll ever get it right.
I've rattled on long enough.
Jeff Mc. Read More At : 19 DX IV CB Radio...